275 Kennesaw State Univ Rd, NW Kennesaw, GA 30144

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Speaker: Dr. Sharani Roy, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Title: “Understanding the adsorption and reactivity of subsurface oxygen within a silver surface”

Abstract: Akin to the pressure gap between laboratory surface-science experiments performed under ultrahigh vacuum and industrial surface chemistry conducted under high gas pressures, theoretical models of gas-surface interactions are often developed for low gas concentrations yet applied to surface phenomena that occur under high gas concentrations. The primary reason for this discrepancy is the steep cost of computing chemical properties at high surface concentrations (or coverages) of the gas using electronic structure methods. To address this challenge and to study the percolation of gases just beneath the surface, i.e., into the subsurface, at high coverages, we have developed lattice-gas adsorption models that include surface as well as subsurface sites in a crystalline solid and are fully parameterized using density functional theory (DFT). We have applied the models to study the adsorption of atomic oxygen on the Ag(111) surface, first as functions of coverage and temperature using canonical Monte Carlo simulations, and next as functions of pressure and temperature using grand-canonical Monte Carlo simulations. The simulations show the conditions under which subsurface adsorption occurs and provide insight into how subsurface adsorbates might participate in catalytic partial oxidation on silver surfaces. Overall, the lattice-gas adsorption model offers a simple and insightful theoretical framework to explore the competition between surface and subsurface adsorption in gas-surface systems.


The Chemistry and Biochemistry Departmental Seminar Series covers a broad range of fields in the Chemical and Biochemical Sciences. In past seminars, scientists from Academia, Government, and Industry have presented their most recent discoveries and contributions in their respective areas. This Seminar Series offers students and faculty the opportunity to interact directly with other leaders in their specializations and to gain a good overview of the entire range of fields in Chemistry and Biochemistry.


This seminar will take place in person.

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